Friday, December 9, 2011

To Blow Up the Glen Canyon Dam or Not: An Investigation into Terror with Ecological and Environmental Aims, and its Ethical Base.


In 1975, Edward Abbey, a storied character who worked as a park ranger in Moab, Utah, released a book, called The Monkey Wrench Gang. With its eccentric cast of characters, ranging from a “Jack Mormon”, to a green beret, the book captured America's mind with its ecological message. The gang, in the book, takes action to protect the American west from environmental degradation. However, rather than going by the route of the Sierra Club, or other non violent activities, the gang, called the Monkeywrench gang, uses sabotage.
This was amongst the first things that brought the specter of environmental terrorism, or ecoterrorism into the public's mind. Soon after, in 1982, Chaim Nissim, a Swiss environmental activist with links to the infamous Carlos the Jackal, used multiple RPG's on a French nuclear reactor.1 In addition to this Earth Liberation Front (ELF), Animal Liberation Front (ALF), Earth First! And the Sea Shepherds, soon became active in their activities. This led to something called the green scare, akin to the red scare of the McCarthy era, but against environmental activists.
In spite of the voluminous press coverage on the topic, ecoterrorism, environmental terrorism and ecotage are all terms with a very neboulous nature, and a very doubious ethical underpinnings. So much so that when doing research for this paper, I did a search on JSTOR, which is normally suffused with papers from verbose academicians, however for a search string “ecoterrorism ethics” I got no relevant papers, and for “ecoterrorism”, I got two or three links. This is sufficient illustration on the dearth of material on this subject. Therefore, In this paper, I shall attempt to find concrete definitions for the terms ecoterrorism, environmental terrorism, and ecotage. I shall also attempt to find ethical underpinnings for such acts.. To do so, I shall primarily draw on newspaper reports on various occurrences, texts on the theory of terror, and the textbook provided to us.
The first major issue that strikes us is the fact that there is no major definition to terrorism. There are many different interpretations of terrorism, however they are all radically different. For the purposes we can define terrorism as the use of force, actual or implied; to force, coerce, or generally to cause a person, party, or organisation to make decisions that are contrary to their interests or to stop the progress in some process that is contrary to the ideas, beliefs, or wants of the person committing the acts of “terror”. I do realise that by this definition, many cases of commonly accepted “terrorism” would not be terror by this definition, eg. September 11 attacks etc. However for most purposes, this definition should suffice.
We can further divide terror into two categories: Domestic, and International (Refer to Addendum 1). Domestic terror is terror committed by nationals of a nation inside their very nation, where as international terror is committed by nationals of a nation outside the boundaries of their nation.
Examples of domestic terror could be the Una Bomber2, whereas international terrorism could be the activities of Al Queda over the decade of 1991 to 2001. Furthermore, we can divide terror into various types, ranging from: Civil Disorder, which are activities to hinder the work of the government, whether violent or nonviolent, eg. Gandhi's Frequent Fasts, and Civil Disobedience movements, Political Terrorism, in which terror is used for political ends, eg. The Basque ETA, Non Political Terrorism, in which eco-terrorism falls, eg. Una Bomber, or Chaim Nissim, who was mentioned earlier. A special category could be state sponsored terrorism, eg Saddam Hussain's scorched earth policy in Kuwait, or US sponsored Mujahiddeen in the Soviet-Afghan war.
Keeping in mind that this is a paper related to environmental acts, I shall refrain henceforth from concerning myself with strictly political acts. Keeping in with the spirit of this exercise, I shall now refer to the work of Daniel Schwartz who in his paper Environmental Terrorism: Analyzing the Concept lays out a “taxonomy” of environmental destruction. These eight types mentioned in his taxonomy can be used as a broad structure around which we can base our types of environmental acts. We need to keep in mind though, that Schwartz looks at environmental terrorism is terror towards the environment. However, I shall put his taxonomy for use in gauging the various categories of eco-terrorism.
Taxonomy of Environmental Destruction3
Category # Intent Peacetime or Wartime Symbolism
1 Deliberate Peacetime Primary
2 Deliberate Wartime Primary
3 Deliberate Peacetime Secondary
4 Deliberate Wartime Secondary
5 Deliberate Peacetime Not Symbolic
6 Deliberate Wartime Non Symbolic
7 Unintentional Peacetime Non Symbolic
8 Unintentional Wartime Not Symbolic

This table is very self evident, except for the concept of symbolism. Terrorism breeds on symbolism, which each act generating fear in the masses, and as such each act is a symbol. Schwartz divides the different symbols in terms of their action on the environment, with non symbolic, being literal damage, and lessening to a degree to primary symbolism. His concept of peacetime to wartime does not really apply.
Thus with the paradigm given by Schwartz, we can fit in eco-terrorist activities into various categories. A category 1 act would be something to the order of vandalising the offices of a corporation that uses animals for testing, because the corporation in this case is a victim, rather than a causality. Category 2, by Schwartz's own admission has no existing examples. Category 3 would be uprooting and destroying GM crops planted for testing purposes by a corporation.4 Category 4 would be akin to Saddam Hussain's scorched earth policy in Kuwait.56 Category 5 would be directly sabotaging the activities of groups going against the environment, like tree spiking7 (coincidently, after the proliferation of tree spiking by the ELF, it was declared a felony.), or peacetime Nuclear warhead tests. Category 6 would be an extension of category 4, but to a greater degree, like usage of Agent Orange by America in Viet Nam (Many contemprory scholars refer to such actions as ecocide8). Category 7 could be like the BP oil spill, or the Exxon Valdez incident. Category 8 could be classified a s collateral damage.
For all practical purposes, we can disregard categories 2,7, and 8. This is because category 2 is extremely improbable, and categories 7 and 8 are without intent, and thus, for all practical proposes are accidents rather than acts with intent (something that is more often than not needed to prove culpability in the court of law.) Furthermore, we can reduce categories 1-4 to the blanket term of ecotage, or monkey wrenching (depending on the readers literary taste). This is so because the acts are acts, whether of violence, or nonviolence, that are meant to impede the actions of a person, group, or a organisation indirectly. However, Categories 5 and 6 are acts of eco-terrorism, because they directly strike at the root of the issue.
Thus far, we have arrived at a definition of terrorism, and have divided ecoterrorism into two grand categories of ecotage, and ecoterrorism. Most activists/ ecoterrorists, by these definition commit only ecotage, and not ecoterrorism, because most of their ethical underpinnings are in ecocentricism.
Ecocentricism is a standpoint in environmental ethics that states that the ecosphere is of a bigger importance than our anthropocentric ideas of human superiority. Humanity is inconsequential in front of the ecosphere, which is more complex, inclusive, and older. What humanity perceives of as the environment from its anthropocentric standpoint is a tool for human development. That is a misconception. The ecosphere is actually the matrix that supports us and we are at its mercy. However, the philosophy still considers human rights important. The roots of ecocentricism could arguably be found in the works of Singer, who stated that all organisms are equal. By that standpoint, causing direct harm to a human, for an ecocentrist would be abhorrent.
Keeping in mind that Peter Singer was amongst the progenitors of the ecocentist movement, we can look more at his works to get a deeper understanding of the ethical underpinnings of ecoterrorism. He, in his text Animal Liberation, refers to Sedgewick, who said “The good of any one individual is of no more importance, from the point of view of the universe, than the good of any other”9. Singer argues that this argument is made against racism, so why not extend it against specism. He says that specism is an analogue of racism, but in which the idea of race as a discriminatory tool is replaced by species. He then argues that we need an ethical system that puts equal value on life, rather a sliding scale based on a anthropocentric doctrine.
To look at ecoterrorism from an ethical standpoint, let us conduct a thought experiment. Say there is a factory that produces a perishable good that could possibly save the life of one terminally ill cancer patient. There is a 50 % chance that the treatment would work. The catch, though is that to make one unit of the treatment, an animal would need to be killed. The question is would you, if you were of the ecotageist persuasion, take action on that factory, and cause certain economic and emotional harm to the owners, and their relatives?
If we were to invoke Singer, he would put his faith on a neutral, impartial, rational self, who could make the decision for him. Let us, in a moment of pretension, claim to be such “selves”. We have in front of us the choice between a 50% probability of saving a human life, or saving an animal. The externalities for the first action would be a dead animal, but a 50% possibility of a alive human, and the externality for the second action would be a dead human, and a definitely alive animal, plus emotional and financial damage to the factory owners.
Now from the ELF, ALF and other ecotage based organisations would take the second course of action, based on the principle that an animal is equal to a human so the second action would hedge their bets, so as to speak. The emotional and financial damage would amount to retribution for the prior animals killed. Somewhat akin to the idea of blood money in Arab nations.
A traditional philosopher rooted in deontology, also armed with an anthropocentric (or speciest) philosophy would take the first course, because yes, the animal would get killed, but the 50 % chance of a human surviving would be too much of an incentive. If you include the categorical imperative, and its intrinsic reductio ab absurdum, this action would take place even more so, because if the entire world had cancer, and the 50% chance of living, we would kill off (as of now) 7 Billion animals, but we would have 3.5 Billion humans still alive. A utilitarian would tend to agree with this scenario.
To make a reasoned decision in this case, any person would need to first imagine the rights and the hierarchy they ascribe to the human, animal, plant paradigm. If we could assume a hierarchy: Plant- Animal- Human, with the humans on the top, then the first course of action would be the only option, whereas if we considered no hierarchy, we would have to take the second option. Herein lies a rub. Ecotage and ecoterrorism is analogous to the Anti-Racist Action group10, as in, it is violent action, or actions with the threat of violence against oppressors, which would be people exploiting and damaging the environment. In a manner, an ecotageist or a ecoterrorist is akin to a member of a revolutionary organisation, like the IRA, the ETA, or, in some ways, the Minutemen or the Posse Comitatus.
We can not go and say that ecotage and ecoterrorism is bad, because we are not in the ethical agreement. In a manner, it is like a conversation between a Russian and a English speaker. They might be making the most cogent of arguments, however since their initial points of reference, language, are different, nothing fruitful can come out. Until a widely accepted common standard is established, with reduced divergence of views, we can not criticise ecoterrorists, because from their moral standpoint, they are doing what is morally and ethically, the right thing to do. I agree that this argument could be extended to the Nazi's too, and again, herein lies the rub. I think that it is not in my place to criticise someone, just because they think differently. In a manner, it would be like criticising someone for their sartorial choices. Ideas, and beliefs are to be respected for what they are, they can be challenged, but not exterminated. An old Indian adage comes to my mind “if you don't like the food in my village, go start your own.”
To shortly sum up my position: before we come to the hasty decision of criticising the ecoterrorists, we need to understand that they do come from a legitimate ethical standpoint. As such, they are a revolutionary faction akin to people like Gandhi (with his frequent fasts until death). Until a solid base is built for both parties to stand on common ground, all our acts of capturing and prosecuting ecoterrorists would be akin to discriminatory practices based on race or gender. It is interesting to note that amongst FBI's 7 wanted domestic terrorists, there are two communists, three ALF members, and a Black Panther. All these people have been on the run since the 70's and the 80's and are still at large. We need to recognise that ideas hold power over us and beliefs even more so.
In conclusion, I looked at developing a definition of terrorism, which i put to use on ecological terror. Furthermore I subdivided ecological terror into two subcategories, ecotage (sabotage with an intent to change the environment's current state) and ecoterrorism (terrorism with an intent to change the environment's current state). Furthermore I looked at the ethical basis of ecoterrorism, using a thought experiment to simplify comprehension. As a postscript of sorts, the prototypical ecoterrorists, the original monkeywrench gang, were nothing like the stereotypical environmentalists today. They consumed copious amounts of red meat, littered with beer cans, drove big fast cars, dismissed liberalism, and didn't really care for the sierra club. The irony.
Bibliography



1Chaim Nissim's Blog (French)
2Una-bomber's manifesto, a rambling 50 plus page manifesto titled Industrial society and its future actually could be argued to be a seminal argument for enviro-primitivism. Indeed, his actions could be said to be distinctly Monkey Wrench-ish, as seen from his interview in Earth First! Journal: The best place, to me, was the largest remnant of this plateau that dates from the tertiary age. It's kind of rolling country, not flat, and when you get to the edge of it you find these ravines that cut very steeply in to cliff-like drop-offs and there was even a waterfall there. It was about a two days hike from my cabin. That was the best spot until the summer of 1983. That summer there were too many people around my cabin so I decided I needed some peace. I went back to the plateau and when I got there I found they had put a road right through the middle of it... You just can't imagine how upset I was. It was from that point on I decided that, rather than trying to acquire further wilderness skills, I would work on getting back at the system. Revenge.
Interview With Ted Kacyznsky.
3Schwartz, Daniel M., Environmental Terrorism: Analysing the Concept.;Journal Of Peace Research, Vol 35. No 4 pp 483-496
4  
CAMPAIGNERS DECONTAMINATE GE CROP IN NEW ZEALAND AS UK ACTIVISTS PREPARE TO PUT GENETIC ENGINEERING ON TRIAL
The Genetic Engineering Network has today received news that a group calling themselves “Wild Greens” has uprooted a field trial of GE potatoes in Canterbury, New Zealand. The trial was part of a 10-year experimental
programme to assess the safety of GE potatoes for commercial use and was destroyed during the night of Wednesday 10th March. The decontamination has set the programme back by at least 12 months.

The potatoes concerned were genetically engineered to contain the genes of the African clawed toad, designed to give resistance to soft rot bacteria. The “Wild Greens” fear the development of antibiotic resistance in animals and humans, if such crops are commercialised. Engineering animal genes in to a vegetable also raises fundamental ethical questions.

GE - Wild Greens Attack GE Potatoes

5An Important point needs to be made that Eco-Terrorism not only includes terrorism for the environment, but also against the environment. Thus, We would actually club the monkeywrencher's and BP, with their oil spills (disregarding intent) in the same category of eco terrorists. This could, arguably, antagonise many a environmental terrorist/ activist, however to create a semblance of coherence in my argument, this is a necessary evil.
6On a additional side note, Carl Von Clausewitz, in his seminal text, On War, stated that war should not be started for war's sake, but should be an extension of politics. In addition, he stated that there are two kinds of wars, limited, and total. The aim of a total war is to “disarm” the enemy, and make him impotent. As such, Saddam Hussain's actions in the Gulf War were, in some ways, reasonable tactics. The blowing up of oil wells not only resulted in a massive diversion of resources to control the fires, but also lead to massive smoke clouds, that made maneuvers and visibility difficult. Similar things could be said of America's usage of Agent Orange in Viet Nam, and of Hitler's tactics after the Stalingrad retreat. It could therefore be suggested, that in some ways, Hussain, Hitler, and the Pentagon were ethically in the right for their “eco-terror”, because it catered to their best interests and was, at least in their world view, for the greater good.
7Tree Spiking Suspect linked to the ELF
8Schwartz, Daniel M., Environmental Terrorism: Analysing the Concept.;Journal Of Peace Research, Vol 35. No 4 pp 492
9Singer,Peter. All Animals Are Equal. Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology 4th Ed. PP 29

Thursday, November 17, 2011

My New Year's Resolution.



So it is 2012 now, or soon, depending on the publication of this piece. As such, I am not paying heed to the idiotic buggers out there who say the world is going to end. However, my resolution does tie in to the concept of limited time in a given place. So in previous years, I have tried to quit smoking, exercise and all that usual stuff everybody does. But this year, I have something different in mind. It might seem outlandish, and somewhat strange of me to say this, considering what most people see of me, but this year, I am going to try to be more like Kody Schermier. Strange innit? I know. However, let me explain. When Madam Editor (I refer to Ms. Blenker as such, because she has a hand in my measly paycheck as a writer) told me to not write anything except this piece, I started thinking. One of the reasons I am doing this piece is because Madam Editor told me I could be as outlandish, cynical and all that stuff in this piece. I naturally rose to the challenge. So this is what I came up with.
I used to hate my room mate last year, Kody Schermier. I had good times with him, and bad times. After his recent escapade, I thought he was a total idiot. But today, I sat on Berger's bench, and I realized something. I wish I could be Kody Schermier. He would go on arguments just for the sake of them, he would be obnoxiously nitpicky, and then, being a total idiot, he went AWOL with just his camera, his bike, some clothes, and his entire liquidated bank account. Dick move, right? I disagree, now at least. You see, I spent a year in close proximity with him, taught him, at least somewhat, photography, and generally chilled with him. He, ladies and gentlemen, did what I would do, if I had the balls to do it. He would ask questions, not scared of being perceived as a dick. He would try out new things, he learned photography and he could bake a mean loaf of bread. And he renounced everything, to be independent, to do whatever he loved. Yes, I know his family was distraught, and I thought that was idiotic of him. But then I thought more about it. Kody made a choice. He decided that college would do him no good and he would be better off outside. He made his decision, and acted upon it. Regardless of the consequences, I respect that.
I would be the first defender of diversity if called upon. I think a vibrant community depends not upon the so called “normal” people who fit in, conform. They are useful, to ensure stability, but we, frankly, as a society, and as a college community, need more eccentric people. Conor Harris running around shirtless, with his slam poetry, Kody Schermier, biking, whistling, the accordion dude, Clent Whitehead practicing mixed martial arts in the quad, the guy who rides a unicycle around campus, Kevin with his books, the kid with speakers in his bag and a confederate flag in his room, Simon Lynes and I jamming with ukuleles and guitars in the quad, Drunk Ross tumbling around lost to the world. All these people, myself included, play a vital part in the campus community. Imagine how boring it would be without them. People who do things differently, incite conversation, dialogue, and make the whole better. Uniformity is boring. With Kody gone, the campus lost a vital presence. Who will Berger swear at for whistling? Who will I hate on for being obnoxiously nice? Who will run around barefoot in the snow? As such, I want to do interesting stuff this year. Make my time here interesting. I have two and a half years left in America, I might as well have fun while I am here. Maybe I'll learn how to bake, or do bike repair, or slam poetry, or learn to play the kazoo, or learn how to knit. I know for sure though, I will do something fun. I will learn from the mistakes I will invariable make, and I will be a better person for it.
I just know that this coming year, I will not be scared to try something new. I know I will better myself, regardless of what people around me think. I know that I will make tough decisions and I will stand by them. And if in doing so I pay my respects to what now I realize was a close friend, so be it.






Sunday, October 16, 2011

Devil's Advocate.

I have a remarkable tendency to offend people
               without even wanting to just by my actions and my words.
I don't even need to pull out my
                dick or my proverbial machete of insults.
I just do it.
          Nike
                 through words and actions.
I reserve the right to contradict myself.
                  I reserve the right to not agree with what I say.
I reserve the right to say anything I want to, and not care.
I reserve the right to reserve as many rights as I want to.
                  People take themselves far
too seriously.
                 As if they matter.
As if they will make a difference with their
puny lives and stunted minds.
                  I am no better, but at least I know.
We should start gassing people again.
Call back the IG Farben group to brew another batch of Zyklon-B.
                Wouldn't it be nice if we had another Auschwitz, but filled
with Retards and People who take themselves far too seriously?
It would crack me up, to see some of my acquaintances
                in there.
               going for a "Shower".
We should make taking one's self seriously a capital offence.
And elect a parliament of people
               with no self respect, ego, artifice.
So if they start taking themselves seriously,
they can take a "shower" too.
Some of us will take the "shower" too, but
it will be for the greater good. For the betterment of people.
for a newer happier society.
For gentler people.
               For no wars.
For endless supply of Ashes for commercial use.
For Industrial Expansion.
And the best part is.
It won't be a holocaust.
              Because the people who care
              would be the first to go.

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Appropriation

Eight, eight hundred, eight hundred and eight, eight hundred and
eighteen, eight hundred and eighty, eight hundred and eighty-eight,
eight hundred and eighty-five, eight hundred and eighty-four, eight
hundred and eighty-nine, eight hundred and eighty-one, eight
hundred and eighty-seven, eight hundred and eighty-six, eight
hundred and eighty-three, eight hundred and eighty-two, eight
hundred and eleven, eight hundred and fifteen, eight hundred and
fifty, eight hundred and fifty-eight, eight hundred and fifty-five, eight
hundred and fifty-four, eight hundred and fifty-nine, eight hundred
and fifty-one, eight hundred and fifty-seven, eight hundred and fifty-
six, eight hundred and fifty-three, eight hundred and fifty-two, eight
hundred and five, eight hundred and forty, eight hundred and forty-
eight, eight hundred and forty-five, eight hundred and forty-four,
eight hundred and forty-nine, eight hundred and forty-one, eight
hundred and forty-seven, eight hundred and forty-six, eight hundred
and forty-three, eight hundred and forty-two, eight hundred and four,
eight hundred and fourteen, eight hundred and nine, eight hundred
and nineteen, eight hundred and ninety, eight hundred and ninety-
eight, eight hundred and ninety-five, eight hundred and ninety-four,
eight hundred and ninety-nine, eight hundred and ninety-one, eight
hundred and ninety-seven, eight hundred and ninety-six, eight
hundred and ninety-three, eight hundred and ninety-two, eight
hundred and one, eight hundred and seven, eight hundred and
seventeen, eight hundred and seventy, eight hundred and seventy-
eight, eight hundred and seventy-five, eight hundred and seventy-
four, eight hundred and seventy-nine, eight hundred and seventy-
one, eight hundred and seventy-seven, eight hundred and seventy-
six, eight hundred and seventy-three, eight hundred and seventy-
two, eight hundred and six, eight hundred and sixteen, eight hundred
and sixty, eight hundred and sixty-eight, eight hundred and sixty-five,
eight hundred and sixty-four, eight hundred and sixty-nine, eight
hundred and sixty-one, eight hundred and sixty-seven, eight hundred
and sixty-six, eight hundred and sixty-three, eight hundred and sixty-
two, eight hundred and ten, eight hundred and thirteen, eight
hundred and thirty, eight hundred and thirty-eight, eight hundred and
thirty-five, eight hundred and thirty-four, eight hundred and thirty-
nine, eight hundred and thirty-one, eight hundred and thirty-seven,
eight hundred and thirty-six, eight hundred and thirty-three, eight
hundred and thirty-two, eight hundred and three, eight hundred and
twelve, eight hundred and twenty, eight hundred and twenty-eight,
eight hundred and twenty-five, eight hundred and twenty-four, eight
hundred and twenty-nine, eight hundred and twenty-one, eight
hundred and twenty-seven, eight hundred and twenty-six, eight
hundred and twenty-three, eight hundred and twenty-two, eight
hundred and two, eighteen, eighty, eighty-eight, eighty-five, eighty-
four, eighty-nine, eighty-one, eighty-seven, eighty-six, eighty-three,
eighty-two, eleven, fifteen, fifty, fifty-eight, fifty-five, fifty-four, fifty-
nine, fifty-one, fifty-seven, fifty-six, fifty-three, fifty-two, five, five
hundred, five hundred and eight, five hundred and eighteen, five
hundred and eighty, five hundred and eighty-eight, five hundred and
eighty-five, five hundred and eighty-four, five hundred and eighty-
nine, five hundred and eighty-one, five hundred and eighty-seven,
five hundred and eighty-six, five hundred and eighty-three, five
hundred and eighty-two, five hundred and eleven, five hundred and
fifteen, five hundred and fifty, five hundred and fifty-eight, five
hundred and fifty-five, five hundred and fifty-four, five hundred and
fifty-nine, five hundred and fifty-one, five hundred and fifty-seven,
five hundred and fifty-six, five hundred and fifty-three, five hundred
and fifty-two, five hundred and five, five hundred and forty, five
hundred and forty-eight, five hundred and forty-five, five hundred
and forty-four, five hundred and forty-nine, five hundred and forty-
one, five hundred and forty-seven, five hundred and forty-six, five
hundred and forty-three, five hundred and forty-two, five hundred
and four, five hundred and fourteen, five hundred and nine, five
hundred and nineteen, five hundred and ninety, five hundred and
ninety-eight, five hundred and ninety-five, five hundred and ninety-
four, five hundred and ninety-nine, five hundred and ninety-one, five
hundred and ninety-seven, five hundred and ninety-six, five hundred
and ninety-three, five hundred and ninety-two, five hundred and one,
five hundred and seven, five hundred and seventeen, five hundred
and seventy, five hundred and seventy-eight, five hundred and
seventy-five, five hundred and seventy-four, five hundred and
seventy-nine, five hundred and seventy-one, five hundred and
seventy-seven, five hundred and seventy-six, five hundred and
seventy-three, five hundred and seventy-two, five hundred and six,
five hundred and sixteen, five hundred and sixty, five hundred and
sixty-eight, five hundred and sixty-five, five hundred and sixty-four,
five hundred and sixty-nine, five hundred and sixty-one, five hundred
and sixty-seven, five hundred and sixty-six, five hundred and sixty-
three, five hundred and sixty-two, five hundred and ten, five hundred
and thirteen, five hundred and thirty, five hundred and thirty-eight,
five hundred and thirty-five, five hundred and thirty-four, five
hundred and thirty-nine, five hundred and thirty-one, five hundred
and thirty-seven, five hundred and thirty-six, five hundred and thirty-
three, five hundred and thirty-two, five hundred and three, five
hundred and twelve, five hundred and twenty, five hundred and
twenty-eight, five hundred and twenty-five, five hundred and twenty-
four, five hundred and twenty-nine, five hundred and twenty-one, five
hundred and twenty-seven, five hundred and twenty-six, five
hundred and twenty-three, five hundred and twenty-two, five
hundred and two, forty, forty-eight, forty-five, forty-four, forty-nine,
forty-one, forty-seven, forty-six, forty-three, forty-two, four, four
hundred, four hundred and eight, four hundred and eighteen, four
hundred and eighty, four hundred and eighty-eight, four hundred and
eighty-five, four hundred and eighty-four, four hundred and eighty-
nine, four hundred and eighty-one, four hundred and eighty-seven,
four hundred and eighty-six, four hundred and eighty-three, four
hundred and eighty-two, four hundred and eleven, four hundred and
fifteen, four hundred and fifty, four hundred and fifty-eight, four
hundred and fifty-five, four hundred and fifty-four, four hundred and
fifty-nine, four hundred and fifty-one, four hundred and fifty-seven,
four hundred and fifty-six, four hundred and fifty-three, four hundred
and fifty-two, four hundred and five, four hundred and forty, four
hundred and forty-eight, four hundred and forty-five, four hundred
and forty-four, four hundred and forty-nine, four hundred and forty-
one, four hundred and forty-seven, four hundred and forty-six, four
hundred and forty-three, four hundred and forty-two, four hundred
and four, four hundred and fourteen, four hundred and nine, four
hundred and nineteen, four hundred and ninety, four hundred and
ninety-eight, four hundred and ninety-five, four hundred and ninety-
four, four hundred and ninety-nine, four hundred and ninety-one,
four hundred and ninety-seven, four hundred and ninety-six, four
hundred and ninety-three, four hundred and ninety-two, four
hundred and one, four hundred and seven, four hundred and
seventeen, four hundred and seventy, four hundred and seventy-
eight, four hundred and seventy-five, four hundred and seventy-four,
four hundred and seventy-nine, four hundred and seventy-one, four
hundred and seventy-seven, four hundred and seventy-six, four
hundred and seventy-three, four hundred and seventy-two, four
hundred and six, four hundred and sixteen, four hundred and sixty,
four hundred and sixty-eight, four hundred and sixty-five, four
hundred and sixty-four, four hundred and sixty-nine, four hundred
and sixty-one, four hundred and sixty-seven, four hundred and sixty-
six, four hundred and sixty-three, four hundred and sixty-two, four
hundred and ten, four hundred and thirteen, four hundred and thirty,
four hundred and thirty-eight, four hundred and thirty-five, four
hundred and thirty-four, four hundred and thirty-nine, four hundred
and thirty-one, four hundred and thirty-seven, four hundred and
thirty-six, four hundred and thirty-three, four hundred and thirty-two,
four hundred and three, four hundred and twelve, four hundred and
twenty, four hundred and twenty-eight, four hundred and twenty-five,
four hundred and twenty-four, four hundred and twenty-nine, four
hundred and twenty-one, four hundred and twenty-seven, four
hundred and twenty-six, four hundred and twenty-three, four
hundred and twenty-two, four hundred and two, fourteen, nine, nine
hundred, nine hundred and eight, nine hundred and eighteen, nine
hundred and eighty, nine hundred and eighty-eight, nine hundred
and eighty-five, nine hundred and eighty-four, nine hundred and
eighty-nine, nine hundred and eighty-one, nine hundred and eighty-
seven, nine hundred and eighty-six, nine hundred and eighty-three,
nine hundred and eighty-two, nine hundred and eleven, nine
hundred and fifteen, nine hundred and fifty, nine hundred and fifty-
eight, nine hundred and fifty-five, nine hundred and fifty-four, nine
hundred and fifty-nine, nine hundred and fifty-one, nine hundred and
fifty-seven, nine hundred and fifty-six, nine hundred and fifty-three,
nine hundred and fifty-two, nine hundred and five, nine hundred and
forty, nine hundred and forty-eight, nine hundred and forty-five, nine
hundred and forty-four, nine hundred and forty-nine, nine hundred
and forty-one, nine hundred and forty-seven, nine hundred and forty-
six, nine hundred and forty-three, nine hundred and forty-two, nine
hundred and four, nine hundred and fourteen, nine hundred and
nine, nine hundred and nineteen, nine hundred and ninety, nine
hundred and ninety-eight, nine hundred and ninety-five, nine
hundred and ninety-four, nine hundred and ninety-nine, nine
hundred and ninety-one, nine hundred and ninety-seven, nine
hundred and ninety-six, nine hundred and ninety-three, nine hundred
and ninety-two, nine hundred and one, nine hundred and seven, nine
hundred and seventeen, nine hundred and seventy, nine hundred
and seventy-eight, nine hundred and seventy-five, nine hundred and
seventy-four, nine hundred and seventy-nine, nine hundred and
seventy-one, nine hundred and seventy-seven, nine hundred and
seventy-six, nine hundred and seventy-three, nine hundred and
seventy-two, nine hundred and six, nine hundred and sixteen, nine
hundred and sixty, nine hundred and sixty-eight, nine hundred and
sixty-five, nine hundred and sixty-four, nine hundred and sixty-nine,
nine hundred and sixty-one, nine hundred and sixty-seven, nine
hundred and sixty-six, nine hundred and sixty-three, nine hundred
and sixty-two, nine hundred and ten, nine hundred and thirteen, nine
hundred and thirty, nine hundred and thirty-eight, nine hundred and
thirty-five, nine hundred and thirty-four, nine hundred and thirty-nine,
nine hundred and thirty-one, nine hundred and thirty-seven, nine
hundred and thirty-six, nine hundred and thirty-three, nine hundred
and thirty-two, nine hundred and three, nine hundred and twelve,
nine hundred and twenty, nine hundred and twenty-eight, nine
hundred and twenty-five, nine hundred and twenty-four, nine
hundred and twenty-nine, nine hundred and twenty-one, nine
hundred and twenty-seven, nine hundred and twenty-six, nine
hundred and twenty-three, nine hundred and twenty-two, nine
hundred and two, nineteen, ninety, ninety-eight, ninety-five, ninety-
four, ninety-nine, ninety-one, ninety-seven, ninety-six, ninety-three,
ninety-two, one, one hundred, one hundred and eight, one hundred
and eighteen, one hundred and eighty, one hundred and eighty-eight,
one hundred and eighty-five, one hundred and eighty-four, one
hundred and eighty-nine, one hundred and eighty-one, one hundred
and eighty-seven, one hundred and eighty-six, one hundred and
eighty-three, one hundred and eighty-two, one hundred and eleven,
one hundred and fifteen, one hundred and fifty, one hundred and
fifty-eight, one hundred and fifty-five, one hundred and fifty-four, one
hundred and fifty-nine, one hundred and fifty-one, one hundred and
fifty-seven, one hundred and fifty-six, one hundred and fifty-three,
one hundred and fifty-two, one hundred and five, one hundred and
forty, one hundred and forty-eight, one hundred and forty-five, one
hundred and forty-four, one hundred and forty-nine, one hundred
and forty-one, one hundred and forty-seven, one hundred and forty-
six, one hundred and forty-three, one hundred and forty-two, one
hundred and four, one hundred and fourteen, one hundred and nine,
one hundred and nineteen, one hundred and ninety, one hundred
and ninety-eight, one hundred and ninety-five, one hundred and
ninety-four, one hundred and ninety-nine, one hundred and ninety-
one, one hundred and ninety-seven, one hundred and ninety-six, one
hundred and ninety-three, one hundred and ninety-two, one hundred
and one, one hundred and seven, one hundred and seventeen, one
hundred and seventy, one hundred and seventy-eight, one hundred
and seventy-five, one hundred and seventy-four, one hundred and
seventy-nine, one hundred and seventy-one, one hundred and
seventy-seven, one hundred and seventy-six, one hundred and
seventy-three, one hundred and seventy-two, one hundred and six,
one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and sixty, one hundred and
sixty-eight, one hundred and sixty-five, one hundred and sixty-four,
one hundred and sixty-nine, one hundred and sixty-one, one hundred
and sixty-seven, one hundred and sixty-six, one hundred and sixty-
three, one hundred and sixty-two, one hundred and ten, one hundred
and thirteen, one hundred and thirty, one hundred and thirty-eight,
one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and thirty-four, one
hundred and thirty-nine, one hundred and thirty-one, one hundred
and thirty-seven, one hundred and thirty-six, one hundred and thirty-
three, one hundred and thirty-two, one hundred and three, one
hundred and twelve, one hundred and twenty, one hundred and
twenty-eight, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and twenty-
four, one hundred and twenty-nine, one hundred and twenty-one,
one hundred and twenty-seven, one hundred and twenty-six, one
hundred and twenty-three, one hundred and twenty-two, one
hundred and two, one thousand, seven, seven hundred, seven
hundred and eight, seven hundred and eighteen, seven hundred and
eighty, seven hundred and eighty-eight, seven hundred and eighty-
five, seven hundred and eighty-four, seven hundred and eighty-nine,
seven hundred and eighty-one, seven hundred and eighty-seven,
seven hundred and eighty-six, seven hundred and eighty-three,
seven hundred and eighty-two, seven hundred and eleven, seven
hundred and fifteen, seven hundred and fifty, seven hundred and
fifty-eight, seven hundred and fifty-five, seven hundred and fifty-four,
seven hundred and fifty-nine, seven hundred and fifty-one, seven
hundred and fifty-seven, seven hundred and fifty-six, seven hundred
and fifty-three, seven hundred and fifty-two, seven hundred and five,
seven hundred and forty, seven hundred and forty-eight, seven
hundred and forty-five, seven hundred and forty-four, seven hundred
and forty-nine, seven hundred and forty-one, seven hundred and
forty-seven, seven hundred and forty-six, seven hundred and forty-
three, seven hundred and forty-two, seven hundred and four, seven
hundred and fourteen, seven hundred and nine, seven hundred and
nineteen, seven hundred and ninety, seven hundred and ninety-eight,
seven hundred and ninety-five, seven hundred and ninety-four, seven
hundred and ninety-nine, seven hundred and ninety-one, seven
hundred and ninety-seven, seven hundred and ninety-six, seven
hundred and ninety-three, seven hundred and ninety-two, seven
hundred and one, seven hundred and seven, seven hundred and
seventeen, seven hundred and seventy, seven hundred and seventy-
eight, seven hundred and seventy-five, seven hundred and seventy-
four, seven hundred and seventy-nine, seven hundred and seventy-
one, seven hundred and seventy-seven, seven hundred and seventy-
six, seven hundred and seventy-three, seven hundred and seventy-
two, seven hundred and six, seven hundred and sixteen, seven
hundred and sixty, seven hundred and sixty-eight, seven hundred
and sixty-five, seven hundred and sixty-four, seven hundred and
sixty-nine, seven hundred and sixty-one, seven hundred and sixty-
seven, seven hundred and sixty-six, seven hundred and sixty-three,
seven hundred and sixty-two, seven hundred and ten, seven hundred
and thirteen, seven hundred and thirty, seven hundred and thirty-
eight, seven hundred and thirty-five, seven hundred and thirty-four,
seven hundred and thirty-nine, seven hundred and thirty-one, seven
hundred and thirty-seven, seven hundred and thirty-six, seven
hundred and thirty-three, seven hundred and thirty-two, seven
hundred and three, seven hundred and twelve, seven hundred and
twenty, seven hundred and twenty-eight, seven hundred and twenty-
five, seven hundred and twenty-four, seven hundred and twenty-
nine, seven hundred and twenty-one, seven hundred and twenty-
seven, seven hundred and twenty-six, seven hundred and twenty-
three, seven hundred and twenty-two, seven hundred and two,
seventeen, seventy, seventy-eight, seventy-five, seventy-four,
seventy-nine, seventy-one, seventy-seven, seventy-six, seventy-
three, seventy-two, six, six hundred, six hundred and eight, six
hundred and eighteen, six hundred and eighty, six hundred and
eighty-eight, six hundred and eighty-five, six hundred and eighty-
four, six hundred and eighty-nine, six hundred and eighty-one, six
hundred and eighty-seven, six hundred and eighty-six, six hundred
and eighty-three, six hundred and eighty-two, six hundred and
eleven, six hundred and fifteen, six hundred and fifty, six hundred
and fifty-eight, six hundred and fifty-five, six hundred and fifty-four,
six hundred and fifty-nine, six hundred and fifty-one, six hundred and
fifty-seven, six hundred and fifty-six, six hundred and fifty-three, six
hundred and fifty-two, six hundred and five, six hundred and forty,
six hundred and forty-eight, six hundred and forty-five, six hundred
and forty-four, six hundred and forty-nine, six hundred and forty-one,
six hundred and forty-seven, six hundred and forty-six, six hundred
and forty-three, six hundred and forty-two, six hundred and four, six
hundred and fourteen, six hundred and nine, six hundred and
nineteen, six hundred and ninety, six hundred and ninety-eight, six
hundred and ninety-five, six hundred and ninety-four, six hundred
and ninety-nine, six hundred and ninety-one, six hundred and ninety-
seven, six hundred and ninety-six, six hundred and ninety-three, six
hundred and ninety-two, six hundred and one, six hundred and
seven, six hundred and seventeen, six hundred and seventy, six
hundred and seventy-eight, six hundred and seventy-five, six
hundred and seventy-four, six hundred and seventy-nine, six
hundred and seventy-one, six hundred and seventy-seven, six
hundred and seventy-six, six hundred and seventy-three, six hundred
and seventy-two, six hundred and six, six hundred and sixteen, six
hundred and sixty, six hundred and sixty-eight, six hundred and
sixty-five, six hundred and sixty-four, six hundred and sixty-nine, six
hundred and sixty-one, six hundred and sixty-seven, six hundred and
sixty-six, six hundred and sixty-three, six hundred and sixty-two, six
hundred and ten, six hundred and thirteen, six hundred and thirty, six
hundred and thirty-eight, six hundred and thirty-five, six hundred and
thirty-four, six hundred and thirty-nine, six hundred and thirty-one,
six hundred and thirty-seven, six hundred and thirty-six, six hundred
and thirty-three, six hundred and thirty-two, six hundred and three,
six hundred and twelve, six hundred and twenty, six hundred and
twenty-eight, six hundred and twenty-five, six hundred and twenty-
four, six hundred and twenty-nine, six hundred and twenty-one, six
hundred and twenty-seven, six hundred and twenty-six, six hundred
and twenty-three, six hundred and twenty-two, six hundred and two,
sixteen, sixty, sixty-eight, sixty-five, sixty-four, sixty-nine, sixty-one,
sixty-seven, sixty-six, sixty-three, sixty-two, ten, thirteen, thirty,
thirty-eight, thirty-five, thirty-four, thirty-nine, thirty-one, thirty-seven,
thirty-six, thirty-three, thirty-two, three, three hundred, three hundred
and eight, three hundred and eighteen, three hundred and eighty,
three hundred and eighty-eight, three hundred and eighty-five, three
hundred and eighty-four, three hundred and eighty-nine, three
hundred and eighty-one, three hundred and eighty-seven, three
hundred and eighty-six, three hundred and eighty-three, three
hundred and eighty-two, three hundred and eleven, three hundred
and fifteen, three hundred and fifty, three hundred and fifty-eight,
three hundred and fifty-five, three hundred and fifty-four, three
hundred and fifty-nine, three hundred and fifty-one, three hundred
and fifty-seven, three hundred and fifty-six, three hundred and fifty-
three, three hundred and fifty-two, three hundred and five, three
hundred and forty, three hundred and forty-eight, three hundred and
forty-five, three hundred and forty-four, three hundred and forty-nine,
three hundred and forty-one, three hundred and forty-seven, three
hundred and forty-six, three hundred and forty-three, three hundred
and forty-two, three hundred and four, three hundred and fourteen,
three hundred and nine, three hundred and nineteen, three hundred
and ninety, three hundred and ninety-eight, three hundred and
ninety-five, three hundred and ninety-four, three hundred and ninety-
nine, three hundred and ninety-one, three hundred and ninety-seven,
three hundred and ninety-six, three hundred and ninety-three, three
hundred and ninety-two, three hundred and one, three hundred and
seven, three hundred and seventeen, three hundred and seventy,
three hundred and seventy-eight, three hundred and seventy-five,
three hundred and seventy-four, three hundred and seventy-nine,
three hundred and seventy-one, three hundred and seventy-seven,
three hundred and seventy-six, three hundred and seventy-three,
three hundred and seventy-two, three hundred and six, three
hundred and sixteen, three hundred and sixty, three hundred and
sixty-eight, three hundred and sixty-five, three hundred and sixty-
four, three hundred and sixty-nine, three hundred and sixty-one,
three hundred and sixty-seven, three hundred and sixty-six, three
hundred and sixty-three, three hundred and sixty-two, three hundred
and ten, three hundred and thirteen, three hundred and thirty, three
hundred and thirty-eight, three hundred and thirty-five, three
hundred and thirty-four, three hundred and thirty-nine, three hundred
and thirty-one, three hundred and thirty-seven, three hundred and
thirty-six, three hundred and thirty-three, three hundred and thirty-
two, three hundred and three, three hundred and twelve, three
hundred and twenty, three hundred and twenty-eight, three hundred
and twenty-five, three hundred and twenty-four, three hundred and
twenty-nine, three hundred and twenty-one, three hundred and
twenty-seven, three hundred and twenty-six, three hundred and
twenty-three, three hundred and twenty-two, three hundred and two,
twelve, twenty, twenty-eight, twenty-five, twenty-four, twenty-nine,
twenty-one, twenty-seven, twenty-six, twenty-three, twenty-two, two,
two hundred, two hundred and eight, two hundred and eighteen, two
hundred and eighty, two hundred and eighty-eight, two hundred and
eighty-five, two hundred and eighty-four, two hundred and eighty-
nine, two hundred and eighty-one, two hundred and eighty-seven,
two hundred and eighty-six, two hundred and eighty-three, two
hundred and eighty-two, two hundred and eleven, two hundred and
fifteen, two hundred and fifty, two hundred and fifty-eight, two
hundred and fifty-five, two hundred and fifty-four, two hundred and
fifty-nine, two hundred and fifty-one, two hundred and fifty-seven,
two hundred and fifty-six, two hundred and fifty-three, two hundred
and fifty-two, two hundred and five, two hundred and forty, two
hundred and forty-eight, two hundred and forty-five, two hundred
and forty-four, two hundred and forty-nine, two hundred and forty-
one, two hundred and forty-seven, two hundred and forty-six, two
hundred and forty-three, two hundred and forty-two, two hundred
and four, two hundred and fourteen, two hundred and nine, two
hundred and nineteen, two hundred and ninety, two hundred and
ninety-eight, two hundred and ninety-five, two hundred and ninety-
four, two hundred and ninety-nine, two hundred and ninety-one, two
hundred and ninety-seven, two hundred and ninety-six, two hundred
and ninety-three, two hundred and ninety-two, two hundred and one,
two hundred and seven, two hundred and seventeen, two hundred
and seventy, two hundred and seventy-eight, two hundred and
seventy-five, two hundred and seventy-four, two hundred and
seventy-nine, two hundred and seventy-one, two hundred and
seventy-seven, two hundred and seventy-six, two hundred and
seventy-three, two hundred and seventy-two, two hundred and six,
two hundred and sixteen, two hundred and sixty, two hundred and
sixty-eight, two hundred and sixty-five, two hundred and sixty-four,
two hundred and sixty-nine, two hundred and sixty-one, two hundred
and sixty-seven, two hundred and sixty-six, two hundred and sixty-
three, two hundred and sixty-two, two hundred and ten, two hundred
and thirteen, two hundred and thirty, two hundred and thirty-eight,
two hundred and thirty-five, two hundred and thirty-four, two
hundred and thirty-nine, two hundred and thirty-one, two hundred
and thirty-seven, two hundred and thirty-six, two hundred and thirty-
three, two hundred and thirty-two, two hundred and three, two
hundred and twelve, two hundred and twenty, two hundred and
twenty-eight, two hundred and twenty-five, two hundred and twenty-
four, two hundred and twenty-nine, two hundred and twenty-one,
two hundred and twenty-seven, two hundred and twenty-six, two
hundred and twenty-three, two hundred and twenty-two, two
hundred and two.


And So Go,
the first thousand numbers,
in alphabetical order.
I being the poet, 
appropriated,
elevated
this mundane series 
to Art.
But just to be fair.
Claude Closky wrote this,
and So Did I.
I am God.

Friday, September 23, 2011

On Being a "Poet"

For those of you who don't (Shame on you), I am taking a poetry writing workshop this term. As such, I have to write, a lot, and read, a fair bit. As I was trying to sleep like night, this poem came to my head, and I knew I needed to write it down. I didn't. So here it goes, a half recollected garble, that was the most perfect poem ever, but was mangled by my memory.


I Was High.
High as a figurative Kite.
It was somewhat fun and interesting.
Until I hit that Brown and oily shit.
Oh dude, I started trippin,
trippin Motherfuckin Balls.
I tripped so bad I broke Shit.
I Want to Find the Gent,
who decided to put Axle Grease
On A Fire Escape and Commit
Arson.